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PRODUCING COMPANIES

Introduction

Through nine highly specialised production companies, the State of Qatar currently produces 10 million tonnes of chemicals, polymers and fertilisers per annum, sold to private businesses and governments in more than 120 countries.

Chemical and petrochemical producing companies in the State of Qatar include the following companies.

QAFAC

Qatar Fuel Additives Company (QAFAC) is an outcome of Qatar's far-sighted strategic plan to diversify its petrochemical base and expand its downstream industries.
Established in 1991, QAFAC was set up to build, own and operate facilities in Mesaieed Industrial City for the production of methanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) for sale to customers worldwide.

A joint venture between Industries Qatar, OPIC Middle East Corporation, International Octane LLC and LCY Middle East Corp., QAFAC commenced operations in 1999.

The QAFAC plant in Mesaieed is designed to produce 982,350 mtpa of Methanol and 610,000 mtpa of MTBE. The Methanol plant design is based on ICI technology, whereas the MTBE plant design is based on UOP technology.

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QAFCO

QAFCO was founded in 1969 as a Qatar government joint venture owned by Industries Qatar (75%) and Yara Netherlands (25%).

The country's first large-scale venture in the petrochemical sector, QAFCO was established with a view to diversify the economy and utilise the nation's enormous gas reserves.

The QAFCO-5 expansion project inaugurated in late 2011 raised QAFCO's annual production capacity to 3.8 million MT of ammonia and 4.3 million MT of urea.

QAFCO is now the world's largest single-site producer of both ammonia and urea. The QAFCO-6 project, which was taken over by QAFCO in 2012, increased the company's annual production capacity of urea to 5.6 million MT, strengthening the Company's position as a key player in the global fertiliser market.

To cater to the world markets, which are showing increasing developed fertiliser consumption patterns, the company currently seeks to maximise its production of granular urea as opposed to urea prills. Granular fertilisers are considered better suited to the more technology-dependent cultivation methods adopted in developed countries.

In addition, QAFCO is planning to produce Sulphur-Coated Urea (SCU), a product that will increase the nutrient recovery and improve crop yield as well as reducing the negative environmental impact of urea.

Currently, QAFCO's ammonia and urea are imported by more than 35 nations across the globe, with the primary markets being the countries of South East Asia, North America, Australia, Asia and Southern Africa.

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QATAR VINYL COMPANY (QVC)

Established in 1997, Qatar Vinyl Company (QVC) is located in Mesaieed Industrial City, approximately 40 km south of Doha.

QVC is a joint venture company owned by Qatar Petroleum (55.2%), Qatar Petrochemical Company QAPCO (31.8%) and France's leading chemicals producer, Arkema(12.9%).

Production commenced in 2001 and today QVC produces 290,000 mtpa of high purity Vinyl Chloride (VCM), 200,000 mtpa of high purity Ethylene dichloride (EDC) and 700,000 mtpa of membrane grade Caustic Soda.

The plant has access to port infrastructure with sufficient capacity to accommodate vessels up to 55,000 tonnes.
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SEEF LIMITED

Incorporated under the laws of the State of Qatar in July 2004, SEEF Limited is a petrochemical joint venture company owned by Qatar Petroleum (QP) and United Development Company (UDC).

Commencing production in March 2006, the SEEF LAB Plant is located adjacent to the Qatar Petroleum Refinery in Mesaieed Industrial City.

Using the environment friendly, state-of the art UOP process technology, SEEF has a production capacity of 100,000 mtpa of Linear Alkyl Benzene, 80,000 mtpa of normal Paraffin, and 36,000 mtpa of Benzene. The SEEF LAB also produces 3,500 mtpa of Heavy Alkyl Benzene (heavy alkylate) as a byproduct.

Strategically located in close proximity of the QP refinery for convenient access to feedstock, namely Kerosene and Reformate, the SEEF LAB Plant benefits from the world-class production facilities and infrastructure offered by Mesaieed Industrial City.

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QAPCO

Located in Mesaieed Industrial City, Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO) Q.S.C. is one of the leading producers of Ethylene and Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) in the Middle East, exporting to customers around the world under the 'LOTRENE' brand name.

Established in 1974 as a joint multinational venture to utilise associated and non-associated ethane feed from petroleum/natural gas production; QAPCO commenced commercial production in 1981.It is owned by Industries Qatar (80%) and Total Petrochemicals of France (20%).

QAPCO manufacturing facilities consist of an ethylene plant with a capacity of 720,000 MTPA (though production achieved is over 800,000 TA), two LDPE plants with total capacity of 400,000 MTPA, a Sulphur plant with rated capacity of 70,000 MTPA), Hydrogenated Propane/Butane mix unit (capacity 55,000 TA), and a Hydrogenated Pygasoline unit (capacity 45,000 TA).
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QATOFIN

Starting production in 2009, Qatofin Company Limited is a result of the long term vision of its shareholders to establish a world-class linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) plant. It is located in Mesaieed Industrial City in southern Qatar.

Established by a joint venture agreement between Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO) (63%), Total Petrochemicals (36%) and Qatar Petroleum (1%), the Qatofin LLDPE plant is operated by the Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO) and its production of around 450,000 MTPA is mainly supplied for the export market.

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QATAR CHEMICAL COMPANY (Q-CHEM)

Qatar Chemical Company Ltd. (Q-Chem) is a Qatari company owned by Mesaieed Petrochemical Holding Company (49%), Chevron Phillips Chemical International Qatar Holdings (49%), and Qatar Petroleum (2%).

The Q-Chem facility is a world-class integrated petrochemical plant capable of producing high-density and medium-density polyethylene (HDPE and MDPE), 1-hexene and other products. It employs state-of-the-art technology provided by Chevron Phillips, a major integrated producer of chemicals and plastics.

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QCHEM II

Q-Chem II is a joint venture between Mesaieed Petrochemical Holding Company (49%), Chevron Phillips Chemical International Qatar Holdings (49%), and Qatar Petroleum (2%).

The company has established a world-class High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Normal Alpha Olefins (NAO) plant adjacent to the existing Q-Chem plant in Mesaieed Industrial City with a combined production capacity of 700,000 metric tonnes per year (mtpa).

The NAO plant produces the full range of alpha olefins including butane, hexane, octane, decene and higher molecular weight olefins.

The plant utilises Chevron Phillips' proprietary loop-slurry process for high-density polyethylene, offering several advantages over competing gas-phase and solution-phase polyethylene processes.

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RLOC

Established in 2002, the RasLaffan Olefins Company Ltd (RLOC) is a joint venture Qatari corporation owned by Q-Chem II (53.31%), Qatofin Company Limited Q.S.C. (45.69%) and Qatar Petroleum (1%).

On behalf of the joint venture partners, RLOC constructed a world-class 1.3 million mtpa ethane cracker unit which has been operated by Q-Chem II since production began in the third quarter of 2009.

The world's largest Ethane cracker, RLOC cracks and transports the ethane extracted by Dolphin Energy and AKG. The Ethylene is transported from RasLaffan to Q-Chem II (700,000 mtpa) and Qatofin (600,000 mtpa) downstream units in Mesaieed via a 128-km, 14" 150-bar hypercritical pipeline.

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MESAIEED INDUSTRIAL CITY

Today, about 60% of Qatar's economy flows through Mesaieed,which is home to the main production facilities and industrial plants including Qatar Petroleum (QP), Qatar Fertiliser Company (QAFCO), Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO), Qatar Steel, Qatar Fuel Additives Company (QAFAC), Qatar Vinyl Company (QVC), Qatar Chemicals Company (Q-Chem), Qatar Aluminium and Mesaieed Port Authority.

Located 30 minutes south of the capital city of Doha, Mesaieed Industrial City's current population of 35,000 is projected to increase to over 150,000 inhabitants as part of Qatar National Vision 2030 plans.

The Port of Mesaieed is the gateway for the import and export of raw materials and petrochemical products.
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